Franks casket pt. 5
The panel's meaning is still a mistery. The most accredited solution is Elis Wadstein's (1900) who proposed that the right panel depicts the Germanic legend of Sigurd, known also as Siegfried, being mourned by his horse Grani and wife Guthrun. Other theories explained it as The Deity of the Grove, Hengist and Horsa, the madness of Nabachanezzar, the Death of Balder, the penance of Rhiannon or even the Nativity. Nothing is certain. Here is quoted Wadstein's interpretation.
herhos(?) sitæþ on hærmberge | agl? drigiþ | swa hiri ertae gisgraf særden sorgæ | and sefa tornæ
risci / wudu / bita
Standardized West Saxon form:
Hēr Hōs siteþ on hearmbeorge:
agl[?] drīgeþ swā hire Erta gescræf
sār-denn sorge and sefan torne.
rixe / wudu / bita
Here Hos sits on the sorrow-mound;
She suffers distress as Ertae had imposed it upon her,
a wretched den (?wood) of sorrows and of torments of mind.
rushes / wood / biter
"I know that I hung | on a windy tree Nine full nights,
Pierced by a spear | I offered to Odin
Myself to myself,
Upon that tree | of which none knows
Where its roots run..." Part of an old Norse poem called the Havamal ( Words of the High One), where Odin describes the tale of self sacrifice, rewarding him with the magical alphabet of the Germanic people; what many call runes.
For over a thousand years, descendants of the tribes located in central Europe, Britain, and Scandinavia used these bold, angular lettering symbols for both religious and magical, as well as, practical purposes.
Historians have now traced the origin of runes to what presently is southern Germany before 50 CE. Once runes were created, their symbolic, spiritual, and magi al roles quickly spread and continued through the migrations following the collapse of Rome and the dark ages that ensued, thereafter.
Futhorcs, was the name given to represent the first 6 runes of the runic alphabet. F, u, th, a or o, r, and c or k.
The oldest known "elder futhork" or futhark, had 24 letters while the younger Viking futhark only had 16; while the Anglo-Saxon people who, after the fall of the Roman empire settled in England, created the Anglo-Saxon futhorc.
The Anglo-Saxon futhorc consisted of 29 or 33 letters.
The coming of Christianity sent runes underground or dropped from use, altogether along with the rest of the Norse and Germanoc pagan traditions.
In the 17th century, however, runes had their modern revival.
Pictured is detail of the Rok Runestone. The date is estimated from the early 800's, where this famous runestone, located at Rok, Ostergotland, Sweden, features the longest-known runic inscriptions. This piece Mark's the beginning of Swedish literature.
Нашему поколению выпала судьба жить в уникальное и трагическое время - в эпоху распада. Мы наблюдаем как рушатся империи, разрушаются границы, а те традиции, которые казались незыблемыми - деформируются до неузнаваемости. Разрушение и упоение крахом - вот именно то, к чему нас привела цивилизация.